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Poliomyelitis Eradication Field Guide. Third Edition

SP 607
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$12.00 Latin America and the Caribbean / $16.00 Elsewhere

Description

Order code: SP 607

This Poliomyelitis Eradication Field Guide presents information and strategies that health workers in the Americas should be familiar with in order to keep the hemisphere polio-free. Perhaps a more appropriate title would be “Field Guide for the Maintenance of Polio Eradication”, since the last case of this disease caused by wild poliovirus in the Region was detected in 1991. In 1994, the International Commission for the Certification of Poliomyelitis Eradication in the Americas (ICCPE) reviewed the evidence available in all the countries and territories of the hemisphere and concluded that the indigenous circulation of wild poliovirus in the Americas had been interrupted.

The strategies that allowed the eradication of polio in the Americas are the same as those currently being used globally, and are essentially the same strategies that will make it possible to keep countries disease-free. They consist in reaching and maintaining high levels of vaccination coverage (through vaccination campaigns, if necessary) and ensuring adequate epidemiologic surveillance, which in the present context means the immediate investigation of cases and aggressive control of outbreaks.


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